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Not by Chance: Shattering the Modern Theory of Evolution [Paperback]

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Item Specifications...

Pages   262
Est. Packaging Dimensions:   Length: 0.75" Width: 5.5" Height: 8.5"
Weight:   0.75 lbs.
Binding  Softcover
Release Date   Jun 1, 1997
Publisher   Judaica Press
ISBN  1880582244  
EAN  9781880582244  

Availability  0 units.

Item Description...
Scientists and scholars across the globe praise this work as one of the most serious challenges to the modern theory of evolution. The author presents compelling scientific evidence that life on Earth could not have arisen by chance.

Buy Not by Chance: Shattering the Modern Theory of Evolution by Lee M. Spetner from our Christian Books store - isbn: 9781880582244 & 1880582244

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1Books > Subjects > Professional & Technical > Professional Science > Evolution > General   [722  similar products]
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Reviews - What do our customers think?
devastating challenge to the NDT  Jun 18, 2008
this book delivers according to it's title!! it has very strong points; at a general level:
1) it doesn't make ad hominem attacks
2)it doesn't try to erect and straw man to knock it out with spurious arguments
3) has plenty of references and citations; well documented from well respected and well known persons in the field
4)the author gets his information not from people oppose to NDT but from people within the field
5)reduces speculation as much as possible, by using logic, reason and science to explain his points
6)represents very well the position of the NDT from a scientific point of view
7)in the appendix gives basic and elementary information for people to get familiar with the topic and to get knowledge of the core elements to be discussed

At a more particular level
1)Presents a challenge for the NDT with genetics, mathematics and information theory

2)Attempts making sense of the current evidence in the fields of genetics and molecular biology, that can better explain those results

3)the author makes a devastating critique to the blind watchmaker by R. Dawkins in chapter 6 of the book

Is very disappointing that those that support the NDT make the same mistakes that they blame the people oppose to evolution of making personal attacks and not presenting points nor arguments that show the author is wrong; it's sad to see that none of the one star review with the exception of maybe two try explaining or proving the author is mistaken, when you have only few pages in this book that are not full of arguments and explanations with their citations

this book should have a broader circulation; it really shatters the NDT;
something important is to understand the central argument of this book is to prove that random mutations in the genome, plus natural selection plus time:NDT, but is not supported by the current evidence not only in genetics and biology, but in mathematics and probability, it has been demonstrated before that is very improbable not to say impossible that all of life in the way we know, evolved through the NDT mechanisms, when you make a serious and competent mathematical analysis like in the case of Fred Hoyle: 'Mathematics of Evolution'that by the way believed in evolution too.

I think honest supporters of evolution must read and analyze this book in order to get to terms with the huge challenges of the NDT, this book doesn't denies evolution in itself but the NDT as a theory because clearly fails to make sense and explain the current scientifc data in a manner that supports NDT

Chance:Random mutations in the genome, not related at all to the needs of the organism utterly fails to explain the vast amount of processes that has nothing to do with chance at all and everything with the needs of the organism to adapt to their environment to be able to survive

the questions about genetics in relation to: where does the information comes from?
how organisms may make significant changes in phenotype with few changes in the genotype
how the information in the genome does not increase, doesn't have an answer from a NDT point of view

A great book, that really makes a contribution to the current debate

Genetics and Statistics: Enemies of Neo-Darwinian Evolution  Apr 21, 2008
Not By Chance uses two main things to shatter the Neo-Darwinian Theory of Evolution (NDT): information theory and statistical mathematics. Dr. Lee Spetner uses information theory to show that random mutations in the genome, the process that is the backbone of the NDT, have never been shown to add new information in the DNA, and a mutation that has added information has never been witnessed. However, in order for the NDT to be true, such mutations would have to have happened billions of times throughout history. There is obviously thus a large hole in the theory.

On the statistical side of the argument, Dr. Spetner shows that even if information-gaining mutations did happen, Neo-Darwinian Evolution would still be a statistical impossibility. Using mutation rate, number of births per evolutionary step, number of steps in a species transition, and selective value of the mutations, he calculates the chance of a new species forming to be 2.7 x 10^(-2739), which is more than 2,000 orders of magnitude smaller than the chance of flipping 150 coins and having every one come up heads (which has the odds of one in 1^45). Because our minds cannot comprehend such small odds, Dr. Spetner does a good job of giving some relation to compare these odds to. For instance, the chance of all four players in a hand of bridge each being dealt 13 cards of one suit is one in about 160 billion (1.6 x 10^11), which is still trillions of times more likely to happen than a new species forming, according to his calculations. And that is the odds of just one species forming! Think about all the thousands of species there are. This is supposed to have happened thousands and thousands of times! You would have to multiply the 2.7 x 10^(-2739) by itself once for each species on earth (present and past). The odds are so mind-blowing it amazes me that people ignore this fact.

Dr. Spetner also spends a chapter of the book refuting Richard Dawkins' book The Blind Watchmaker. Spetner does a good job, and the book is easy for him to refute.

Spetner also gives a solid overview of cellular biology and the inner workings of the cell, how DNA is replicated, how cells make proteins, and basically how cells function in general. The appendix gives a lot of information on this, and it is not necessary for the reader to already have a background in biology because Dr. Spetner explains things pretty well. Simply reading the appendix made me marvel at the complexity of life and wonder how anyone could believe that life came from non-living chemicals randomly and naturally. Even the simplest cells are so complex it blows my mind.

Dr. Spetner references many biologists and scientists throughout the book. He also spends the last chapters of Not By Chance building up to and putting forth his own theory of evolution, which he calls the nonrandom evolutionary hypothesis (NREH). His theory is very intriguing and he offers interesting support for it, and I believe that it should be considered. Also, Dr. Spetner makes a point to say that the NREH itself does not speak on the origin of life and is agnostic, unlike the NDT, which is atheistic in nature.

I believe that anyone interested in the evolution/creation/intelligent design debate would benefit from reading Not By Chance.
Bewildered  Apr 2, 2008
Nothing in this book surprised me but it will make a lot of religious people deliriously happy and it will distress a lot of science geeks.

My problems with the entire topic:

A) How does disproving Darwin prove that the Judeo-Christian god designed everything? There's a fabulous logical lapse here. The science goes only up to the point where the religious belief takes hold.

B) Is there perhaps some unknown or misunderstood non-linear or acausal property of reality that could mimic so-called Intelligent Design? In other words aren't there other options? (please hold off on accusations of neo-Darwinism)

C) Without a finalized Theory of Everything (you people don't even have gravity down pat yet) isn't there plenty of room for doubt and humility... and I mean purely from a scientific standpoint.

This debate between Darwinians and Creationists is just plain silly--it's people who don't fully understand the universe versus people whose "knowledge" of the universe is faith-based. The scientists who are attacking Evolution are working with the same incomplete science as the Evolutionists. I think the Darwinians should shut up and get to work explaining the anomalies instead of coming across like self-righteous jerks, and the religious folks should shut up and head back to their churches and mind their own business. Right now the whole controversy is coming across to outsiders (much of the U.S. and all of the outside world) like some cosmic Punch and Judy show.

Solid  May 30, 2007
This book is a solid critique of Darwinism by an expert in the field. This book "Not By Chance" along with "Genetic Entropy" by JC Sanford give a reader the tools with which to destroy any darwinists in any debate.
Gene duplication, not mutation, adds most of the new information to DNA  Mar 7, 2007
First of all, let me set the record straight that Spetner is right: it is mathematically inconceivable that the complexity of life could arise from single point mutations or even a broad series of point mutations. There is no way. Mutations simply do not add enough information to account for all the complexities we see in genetic structure. Period.

Gene Duplication
What Spetner leaves out of his discussion is the simple genetic phenomenon of gene duplication. Inside of our cells are mechanisms for copying RNA and DNA. If these mechanisms had been designed by human beings, they would make perfect copies every time like modern printing presses. However, they are not. And they make mistakes *all the time*.

One important mistake they make is duplicating genes in the genetic code. While at first it might not be obvious, this duplication has the high possibility of adding NEW information to the DNA strand: along with the correctly copied gene A, you have a duplicate of gene A sitting right beside it or even somewhere else in the DNA. Here is the kicker: this second copy of gene A may not be perfect. It may be combined with some parts of gene B. This new copy has the possibility of producing a new gene all its own, gene C.

And even if the copy of A is perfect, future generations of the organism may freely modify the new copy of A (through other miscopies or mutations), because the original A is still intact to keep the organism alive. Those modifications have the potential to turn into something new and useful. And since they are starting as a copy of a functional gene, it is highly probable that they *will* turn into something useful. They are able to take the positive attributes of gene A and add to them.

Incredible Consequences
Now it is estimated that there are at least 20,000 genes in human DNA. And there are about 6 billion people on earth. If only a meager 100 of those 20,000 genes had copies floating around in human DNA, that is still over a 600 billion gene copies out there with the potential to be modified into something useful in the next generation. And that is just in one generation of human beings (i.e. 20-50 years)! Imagine that process spread out over hundreds of millions of years.

Now you have some scope for the relative rapidity with which evolution takes place. Your cells are making odd copies of your DNA (it is evolving with every person) all the time. Every person has a different DNA strand with several modifications having evolutionary potential. That is how we are able to use DNA to identify people: every person has different DNA. Spread the process over a 100,000 years and a few thousand generations and tada! you have new races. Spread it out over 100,000,000 years and and a hundred thousand generations and tada! you have new species. Each person is a different variation of DNA.

Not only have we evolved, we are always evolving. You can't stop it. Every birth produces a new, differently evolved strand of human DNA. Every person you see is a new and different test of a modification of our genetic code.

An Example
Maybe you are not convinced that simple (faulty) copies of something can produce new information, so here is an example. Lets say that we make a faulty mechanism for copying the words I've written in my review so far. Out of the letters from my review, this mechanism could produce the word "speciation" (which means "the formation of a new and distinct species in the course of evolution").

It's not hard: you just grab the 'spec' from 'species' then copy the 'iation' from the end of 'variation'. And viola! You have a new word: speciation. A word that may or may not be useful in the next copy of my review. Considering that the word "speciation" involves evolution, it very well may be useful. Or it may not be; in which case my review would die and not reproduce and reviews that were better adapted would survive.

The point is: this faulty copying produces new information. The information is not always useful (my example above may have produced words like "Nitothe", which isn't useful at all). But information like that remains dormant and unused in the cells until, by chance, it is activated and does become useful for survival. Or it is copied out or destroyed and never becomes useful. The point is, there are MANY new candidates like this to account for new information in a cell.

This simple process refutes Spetners entire thesis that no new information is created by simple cellular processes. What Spetner does not recognize in his book is that evolution has (at *least*) 3 important elements not 2: mutation, natural selection, and *gene duplication*. That's it.

[If you would like more information about this process (as well as a nice picture), please refer to "Gene Duplication" on Wikipedia.]

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