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Ancient Library of Qumran, The [Paperback]

By Frank Moore Cross Jr. (Author)
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Item Number 100267  
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Item Specifications...

Pages   224
Est. Packaging Dimensions:   Length: 9.2" Width: 6.17" Height: 0.5"
Weight:   0.8 lbs.
Binding  Softcover
Release Date   Jun 1, 1995
Publisher   Augsburg Fortress Publishers
ISBN  0800628071  
EAN  9780800628079  

Availability  0 units.

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Ancient Library of Qumran, The by Frank Moore Cross Jr.

Buy Ancient Library of Qumran, The by Frank Moore Cross Jr. from our Christian Books store - isbn: 9780800628079 & 0800628071

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More About Frank Moore Cross Jr.

Register your artisan biography and upload your photo! Frank Moore Cross is the Hancock Professor of Hebrew and Other Oriental Languages (Emeritus) in the Department of Near Eastern Languages at Harvard University. His many books include The Ancient Library of Qumran and Modern Biblical Studies, Canaanite Myth and Hebrew Epic, and, as editor, the Hermeneia series of Old Testament commentaries and Qumran and the History of Biblical Text. In addition, he has received several honorary degrees and prizes, including the William Foxwell Albright Award in Biblical Scholarship, the Israel Museum's Percia Schimmel Prize in Archaeology, and the Medalla de Honor of the University of Madrid.

Frank Moore Cross currently resides in the state of Massachusetts. Frank Moore Cross has an academic affiliation as follows - Harvard University Harvard University (Emeritus) Harvard University (E.

Frank Moore Cross has published or released items in the following series...
  1. Biblical Resource

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An authoritative introduction  Jun 26, 2004
Frank Moore Cross is one of the early scroll scholars, and his book, 'The Ancient Library of Qumran' was one of the earliest popular publications of the discovery and contents of the scrolls. Originally published less than ten years after the scroll discoveries in 1947/48, this volume has proven popular enough to stay in print, being updated several times. This latest edition was published in 1995, with updated material as the scroll processes continue.

Cross's first chapter examines the discovery of the scrolls, including some of the intrigues of the bedouins and antiquities dealers in the West Bank region, and subsequent explorations and excavations that revealed more caves in the Qumrani region with scrolls and scroll fragments. Cross introduces a few of the key scroll players (Roland de Vaux among them) as well as the beginning process of reconstruction. In his supplement for chapter 1, updating materials, he discusses the many publications now available for the scrolls.

The second chapter introduces the Essenes, the group of people responsible for the majority of the scrolls, according to the primary interpretation by the scroll scholars. These people are still enigmatic - references to them are few and far between in the ancient world, and the scrolls do not specifically identify them as the scribes and authors of the scrolls, so this interpretation still has some controversy attached to it.

Chapter three develops some of the most interesting and controversial characters discovered in the texts of the scrolls - the Teacher of Righteousness and the Wicked Priest. Cross holds to the most widely held interpretation of these figures, in that the Teacher of Righteousness was the founder or leader of the Qumrani Essene community, and the Wicked Priest was the Jerusalem Temple priest who persecuted the Essenes. Other interpretations (that Jesus was the Teacher of Righteousness and Paul was the Wicked Priest; that John the Baptist was the Teacher of Righteousness and Jesus was the Wicked Priest, etc.) are not really addressed here, but are taken up again in a later chapter..

The fourth chapter looks at the texts of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament found among the scrolls - the largest body of material in the scrolls are texts of scripture. There are variations and differences, some of which can be attributed to scribal error (mis-copying), but others not so. The Torah is the largest body of scrolls by far; the integrity of the current Torah texts is reaffirmed to a large extent given these new scrolls, as the differences are on a percentage basis very small. In the end, every book of the Hebrew Bible has been found among the scrolls with the possible exception of Esther. This chapter is rather technical in terms of textual studies.

The fifth chapter explores the early scroll scholars ideas of possible connections between the Essenes and the early Christian church. The apocalyptic nature of the Essenes and the enigmatic figures are compared with early Christian ideas and images, but there are no direct and substantial connections that Cross identifies, and he discounts (probably correctly) other interpretations that try to force identities. Cross is a little more free with postulating a connection, or at least an influence, of Essene organisational structures and liturgical patterns with early Christian practices. After chapter six, Cross had added a brief postscript about the Essenes and the Christian gospel which again shows connections, but is really not drawing parallels as much as it is showing some common features and points of divergence, either in substance or in tone.

The final chapter looks at the generation of research and discovery since the 1947/48 revelation of the first scrolls. This is not a summary narrative of the history, but rather a look at some key events and issues that have arisen in the course of the scroll team's work. Cross does not deal with the issues of access and restriction to the scrolls, or the more bizarre and sensational interpretations. He looks at paleography, orthography, the history of biblical texts in relation to the scrolls, and the history of the Qumrani settlement itself.

The book is interesting and valuable as one of the continuously updated records of scroll research from one of the foremost scroll scholars.


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